Miguel Angelo L. Nicolelis
Duke School of Medicine Professor in Neuroscience
Dr. Nicolelis has dedicated his career to investigating how the brains of freely behaving animals encode sensory and motor information. As a result of his studies, Dr. Nicolelis was the first to propose and demonstrate that animals and human subjects can utilize their electrical brain activity to directly control neuroprosthetic devices via brain-machine interfaces (BMI).
Over the past 25 years, Dr. Nicolelis pioneered and perfected the development of a new neurophysiological method, known today as chronic, multi-site, multi-electrode recordings. Using this approach in a variety of animal species, as well as in intra-operative procedures in human patients, Dr. Nicolelis launched a new field of investigation, which aims at measuring the concurrent activity and interactions of large populations of single neurons throughout the brain. Through his work, Dr. Nicolelis has discovered a series of key physiological principles that govern the operation of mammalian brain circuits. These findings have been reported in almost 200 peer-reviewed publications in leading journals.Dr. Nicolelis' pioneering BMI studies have become extremely influential since they offer new potential therapies for patients suffering from severe levels of paralysis, Parkinson’s disease, and epilepsy. Today, numerous neuroscience laboratories in the US, Europe, Asia, and Latin America have incorporated Dr. Nicolelis' experimental paradigm to study a variety of mammalian neuronal systems. His research has influenced basic and applied research in computer science, robotics, and biomedical engineering.
Appointments and Affiliations
- Duke School of Medicine Professor in Neuroscience
- Professor of Neurobiology
- Professor in the Department of Psychology & Neuroscience
- Faculty Network Member of the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
- Director, Center for Neuroengineering
- Office Location: 327 E-f Bryan Res Bldg, Box 3209, Durham, NC 27710
- Office Phone: (919) 684-4580
- Email Address: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Ph.D. University of Sao Paulo (Brazil), 1988
- M.D. University of Sao Paulo (Brazil), 1984
Dr. Nicolelis investigates how the brains of freely behaving animals encode sensory and motor information. He was first to propose and demonstrate that animals and human subjects can utilize their electrical brain activity to directly control neuroprosthetic devices via brain-machine interfaces (BMI).
- BME 394: Projects in Biomedical Engineering (GE)
- BME 493: Projects in Biomedical Engineering (GE)
- BME 494: Projects in Biomedical Engineering (GE)
- NEUROBIO 393: Research Independent Study
- NEUROBIO 793: Research in Neurobiology
- NEUROSCI 493: Research Independent Study 1
- NEUROSCI 494: Research Independent Study 2
Representative Publications: (More Publications)
- Nicolelis, MA, Brain-machine interfaces to restore motor function and probe neural circuits., Nature Reviews Neuroscience, vol 4 no. 5 (2003), pp. 417-422 [10.1038/nrn1105] [abs].
- Nicolelis, MA, The amazing adventures of robotrat., Trends in Cognitive Sciences, vol 6 no. 11 (2002), pp. 449-450 [abs].
- Nicolelis, MA; Chapin, JK, Controlling robots with the mind., Scientific American, vol 287 no. 4 (2002), pp. 46-53 [abs].
- Nicolelis, MA; Ribeiro, S, Multielectrode recordings: the next steps., Current Opinion in Neurobiology, vol 12 no. 5 (2002), pp. 602-606 [abs].
- Katz, DB; Nicolelis, MA; Simon, SA, Gustatory processing is dynamic and distributed., Current Opinion in Neurobiology, vol 12 no. 4 (2002), pp. 448-454 [abs].
- Nicolelis, MA; Fanselow, EE, Thalamocortical [correction of Thalamcortical] optimization of tactile processing according to behavioral state., Nature Neuroscience, vol 5 no. 6 (2002), pp. 517-523 [10.1038/nn0602-517] [abs].
- Nicolelis, MA, Depression at thalamocortical synapses: the key for cortical neuronal adaptation?, Neuron, vol 34 no. 3 (2002), pp. 331-332 [abs].
- Katz, DB; Simon, SA; Nicolelis, MA, Taste-specific neuronal ensembles in the gustatory cortex of awake rats., The Journal of Neuroscience, vol 22 no. 5 (2002), pp. 1850-1857 [abs].
- Shuler, MG; Krupa, DJ; Nicolelis, MA, Integration of bilateral whisker stimuli in rats: role of the whisker barrel cortices., Cerebral Cortex, vol 12 no. 1 (2002), pp. 86-97 [abs].
- Fanselow, EE; Sameshima, K; Baccala, LA; Nicolelis, MA, Thalamic bursting in rats during different awake behavioral states., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA, vol 98 no. 26 (2001), pp. 15330-15335 [10.1073/pnas.261273898] [abs].
- Das, A; Franca, JG; Gattass, R; Kaas, JH; Nicolelis, MA; Timo-Iaria, C; Vargas, CD; Weinberger, NM; Volchan, E, The brain decade in debate: VI. Sensory and motor maps: dynamics and plasticity., Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, vol 34 no. 12 (2001), pp. 1497-1508 [abs].
- Ghazanfar, AA; Krupa, DJ; Nicolelis, MA, Role of cortical feedback in the receptive field structure and nonlinear response properties of somatosensory thalamic neurons., Experimental Brain Research, vol 141 no. 1 (2001), pp. 88-100 [10.1007/s002210100849] [abs].
- Kralik, JD; Dimitrov, DF; Krupa, DJ; Katz, DB; Cohen, D; Nicolelis, MA, Techniques for long-term multisite neuronal ensemble recordings in behaving animals., Methods, vol 25 no. 2 (2001), pp. 121-150 [10.1006/meth.2001.1231] [abs].
- Krupa, DJ; Matell, MS; Brisben, AJ; Oliveira, LM; Nicolelis, MA, Behavioral properties of the trigeminal somatosensory system in rats performing whisker-dependent tactile discriminations., The Journal of Neuroscience, vol 21 no. 15 (2001), pp. 5752-5763 [abs].
- Shuler, MG; Krupa, DJ; Nicolelis, MA, Bilateral integration of whisker information in the primary somatosensory cortex of rats., The Journal of Neuroscience, vol 21 no. 14 (2001), pp. 5251-5261 [abs].
- Katz, DB; Simon, SA; Nicolelis, MA, Dynamic and multimodal responses of gustatory cortical neurons in awake rats., The Journal of Neuroscience, vol 21 no. 12 (2001), pp. 4478-4489 [abs].
- Ghazanfar, AA; Nicolelis, MA, Feature article: the structure and function of dynamic cortical and thalamic receptive fields., Cerebral Cortex, vol 11 no. 3 (2001), pp. 183-193 [abs].
- Krupa, DJ; Brisben, AJ; Nicolelis, MA, A multi-channel whisker stimulator for producing spatiotemporally complex tactile stimuli., Journal of Neuroscience Methods, vol 104 no. 2 (2001), pp. 199-208 [abs].
- Nicolelis, MA; Shuler, M, Thalamocortical and corticocortical interactions in the somatosensory system., Progress in Brain Research, vol 130 (2001), pp. 90-110 [abs].